This number is in addition to those who left the company in 2018, said JLR. “The next phase of this transformation programme will begin with a voluntary redundancy programme in the UK. This strategic review will create a leaner, more resilient organisation with a flatter management structure.”

GMB, the union representing JLR employees responded today. Joe Morgan, GMB Regional Secretary said: “GMB is obviously concerned at the loss of 4,500 jobs worldwide from JLR but are somewhat reassured that the company will be seeking voluntary redundancies in the UK rather than compulsory.

“We welcome the announcement of further investment in the Wolverhampton and Hams Hall sites but will be keeping a close eye on developments and offering our members advice and support where necessary.

“There will of course be further joint discussions between trade unions and management going forward.”

The job cuts were announced alongside plans to deliver £2.5bn in cost reductions, but to also invest into electrification, with Electric Drive Units to be produced at Wolverhampton Engine Manufacturing Centre, and a new Battery Assembly Centre to be established at Hams Hall, North Warwickshire.

The Battery Assembly Centre will be one of the largest of its kind in the UK, using new production techniques and technologies to manufacture battery packs for future JLR vehicles.

“The next chapter in the story of the Jaguar and Land Rover brands will be the most exciting – and challenging – in our history. Revealing the iconic Defender, investing in cleaner, smarter, more desirable cars and electrifying our facilities to manufacture a future range of British-built electric vehicles will all form part of building a globally competitive and flourishing company,” said Prof. Dr. Ralf Speth, chief executive officer of JLR.